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Both SP-BSP were heading fledgling parties. For the SP, it was their maiden election after the party’s formation in October 1992 and the BSP was struggling to create a political niche in the state. Its highest tally was 12 seats in the 1991 state polls.

Ahead of the 1993 Uttar Pradesh assembly elections, Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and Samajwadi Party (SP) veterans, Kanshi Ram and Mulayam Singh Yadav,respectively, sprung a surprise in political circles by announcing an electoral alliance.

They had several rounds of secret meetings in New Delhi, of which few were aware of.

Both were heading fledgling parties. For the SP, it was their maiden election after the party’s formation in October 1992 and the BSP was struggling to create a political niche in the state. Its highest tally was 12 seats in the 1991 state polls.

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)—riding high on the saffron wave after the Babri Masjid’s demolition in December 1992—was confident of a windfall after its Kalyan Singh- led government was dismissed, necessitating the mid-term poll.

The BJP emerged as the single largest party, but fell short of the majority mark, bagging 177 seats in a house of 425. No other party came forward to support the BJP, which was considered ‘untouchable’ then.

The SP and BSP contested 256 and 164 seats respectively, and won 109 and 67. They mustered the support of other parties like the Congress, Communist Party of India(Marxist) and the Communist Party of India as the political narrative post-Babri demolition was secularism vs communalism.

Later, explaining the reasons behind the decision to ally with the SP, current BSP chief Mayawati had said, “we wanted to unite the ‘Bahujan Samaj’ under the leadership of someone from the Bahujan Samaj. We also wanted to checkmate the BJP’s growth on the temple issue. But the experiment failed because of Mulayam’s selfish politics.”

After 26 years, the two leaders who inherited their respective parties, Akhilesh Yadav and Mayawati, are reuniting to take on a resurgent BJP leaving behind a trail of scuffles and abuses that the two parties had exchanged after a violent split in 1995. While Kanshi Ram is no more, Mulayam has taken a backseat ever since his son Akhilesh took control of the party.

The two leaders had parted ways after the infamous state guest incident of 1995. The BSP’s decision to pull out of the tottering coalition had sparked a violent reaction by SP workers, forcing Mayawati to lock herself in a room. The BJP had jumped to her rescue and propped her up as the first Dalit chief minister of the state.

The BJP’s aim was to create a permanent wedge between the two parties as it was detrimental to their electoral health. And they succeeded.

Barbs were exchanged, CDs were circulated and FIRs were lodged by both the parties. Mayawati later even demanded a public apology from Mulayam for the state guest house incident and said, “had he run the coalition government properly, there would have been no need for the BSP to join hands with the BJP or for Mulayam to run from pillar to post in quest of power.”

In fact, while Mulayam was the CM, Mayawati was the ‘super CM’. Both she and Kanshi Ram used to call the shots holding fortnightly monitoring of the government’s performance that culminated with the public humiliation of Mulayam.

However, much water has flown since they parted ways.

The challenge from the BJP is bigger. The spectre of Ayodhya continues to loom large over the electoral scene. And, they will have to combat the political skills of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and party president Amit Shah.

However, both SP and BSP have grown robust since 1993. They have dominated the state, rotating power in alliance with like-minded parties till 2007 when Mayawati broke the coalition jinx. Five years later in 2012, Akhilesh formed the majority government. Both were decimated by the BJP in 2017. Source : ht

 

 

 

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AIHRA PRESIDENT DR. M.U. DUA GIVE MEMENTO TO AIHRA TELANGANA TEAM FOR BEST PERFORMANCE IN HIS STATE. MEMENTO RECEIVED BY MR. ASHOK JAKKOJU VICE PRESIDENT AIHRA

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AIHRA PRESIDENT DR. M.U. DUA GIVE MEMENTO TO AIHRA JHARKHAND TEAM FOR BEST PERFORMANCE IN HIS STATE. MEMENTO RECEIVED BY MR. SUNIL KISPOTTA JOINT SECRETARY AIHRA

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AIHRA PRESIDENT DR. M.U. DUA GIVE MEMENTO TO AIHRA MAHARASHTRA TEAM FOR BEST PERFORMANCE IN HIS STATE. MEMENTO RECEIVED BY MR. SHANKAR CHALWAD GENERAL SECRETARY AIHRA AND OTHER.

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Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council

Written by Tuesday, 19 September 2017 10:30

The special procedures of the Human Rights Council are independent human rights experts with mandates to report and advise on human rights from a thematic or country-specific perspective. The system of Special Procedures is a central element of the United Nations human rights machinery and covers all human rights: civil, cultural, economic, political, and social. As of 1 August 2017, there are 44thematic and 12 country mandates.

With the support of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), special procedures undertake country visits; act on individual cases and concerns of a broader, structural nature by sending communications to States and others in which they bring alleged violations or abuses to their attention; conduct thematic studies and convene expert consultations, contribute to the development of international human rights standards, engage in advocacy, raise public awareness, and provide advice for technical cooperation. Special procedures report annually to the Human Rights Council; the majority of the mandates also reports to the General Assembly. Their tasks are defined in the resolutions creating or extending their mandates.

What special procedures have accomplished in 2016 at a glance

The latest annual report, Corrigendum of special procedures and its addendum which covers the period from 1 January to 31 December 2016, provides updated information on the system of special procedures as a whole and its achievements, including facts and figures. This year these facts and figures form a separate addendum. It gives a comprehensive overview of the activities undertaken by special procedures in 2016, both individually and as a system, including country visits, communications, thematic reports, follow-up activities, joint actions, development of international standards and advocacy. The report also reflects the work of the Coordination Committee as well as covers the main issues discussed at the twenty-second annual meeting of special procedures of the Human Rights Council, held in Geneva from 6 to 10 June 2016.

Cooperation with the special procedures and acts of intimidation and reprisals

Engagement of individuals and groups with the special procedures without fear of reprisal is essential for the fulfilment of their mandates, as established by the Human Rights Council. Therefore addressing acts of intimidation and reprisal against those who seek to cooperate, cooperate or have cooperated with the special procedures or any other part of the United Nations system in the field of human rights is a priority for mandate holders. As a result of the growing attention given to this phenomenon and the increasing instances of intimidation and reprisals observed by mandate holders, they agreed during the 22nd Annual Meeting of Special Procedures, held in June 2015, to consolidate and enhance special procedures' response to this unacceptable practice by establishing a coherent framework for action. Source : un.org

 

 

 

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15 January 2018 – Empowering indigenous women – who have higher malnutrition rates than any other social group and typically earn far less than men – is key to successfully fighting hunger and extreme poverty, the United Nations agriculture chief has said.

“Indigenous women face a triple discrimination – poverty, gender and ethnicity, both within and outside their communities – making them highly vulnerable,” Jose Graziano da Silva Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) told the Forum on Indigenous Women in Mexico City this past Friday.

They confront far higher rates of poverty, chronic malnutrition and illiteracy while having the least access to health care and political life, he said to the participants from a dozen countries.

About five per cent of the global population and 15 per cent of the world's poorest, or some 370 million people, self-identify as indigenous. In Latin America and the Caribbean region, 15 per cent of the approximately 45 million indigenous peoples face insecurity and extreme poverty.

Indigenous women in the region encounter higher poverty and malnutrition rates than any other social group, and typically earn four times less than men, according to FAO's new Regional Atlas of Rural Women.

The situation is even worse for women in the more than 5,000 indigenous groups, spread across over 90 countries around the world.

“Their social and economic empowerment is not only an excellent way to support them, but a necessary condition to eradicate hunger and malnutrition in their communities,” underscored Mr. da Silva.

He noted that the UN’s decision to begin a Family Farming Decade in 2019 offers a platform to focus on rural livelihoods – where most indigenous peoples work.

The FAO-organized three-day forum aims to develop public policy recommendations to empower indigenous women, strengthen their decision-making and recognize their rights.

Cultivating leadership

Although indigenous women are key actors in protecting biodiversity, adapting to climate change and varying nutritious diets, they are often forgotten in development plans.

“They have fundamental roles in the spiritual, social and family arenas and are seed guardians – critical carriers of specialized knowledge,” underscored Mr. da Silva.

“With political will, we can put an end to discrimination against indigenous women,” he affirmed. Source : un.org

 

 

 

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SIRSA: A tunnel and a passageway connecting Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh's quarters to the hostel of his female disciples were on Saturday found by the security agencies during the second day of a massive sanitisation exercise inside the headquarters of his sect.

An illegal fire cracker factory and chemicals were also found during the search of the premises of the dera, whose chief Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh was jailed for 20 years in two rape cases+ last month.

From the 'gufa' where the Dera head used to stay, a passageway was found which opens to 'Sadhvi Niwas', (where his female disciples were kept), according to state Information and Public Relations Department Deputy Director, Satish Mehra, who has been authorised by the administration to speak to the media.

"A fibre tunnel too has been located during the search of the dera," he said.

The fibre tunnel is filled with mud, he said.

"The derawas is connected to Sadhvi Niwas," he said.

"A fire cracker factory has been found inside the Dera premises+ and it is an illegal factory," he said, adding that the factory has been sealed.

He said some chemical material to be used in making fire crackers was also found.

During the on-going search, an empty box for cartridges of AK 47 was also recovered, Mehra said.

Hordes of police, paramilitary and civil administration personnel were involved in the mammoth search operation which started yesterday on the direction of Punjab and Haryana High Court.

An unregistered luxury car and some banned currency notes were yesterday seized from the dera of Singh during the sanitisation exercise which also involved forensic examination of his so-called cave where he allegedly used to sexually exploit women.

Besides, some rooms were also sealed and hard disk drives and unlabelled medicines recovered during the 12-hour day long exercise.

The entire sanitisation process is being videographed and overseen by retired District and Sessions Judge, A K S Pawar, who was appointed as Court Commissioner by the Punjab and Haryana High Court on Tuesday.

Curfew remains in force on the road leading inside the dera headquarters. No unauthorised person was being allowed to go inside the dera premises. However, life remained normal in Sirsa city.

A large number of vehicles including police buses and paramilitary vehicles, Quick Reaction Team vehicles, bomb disposal squad and anti-sabotage team vehicles, carrying cops and paramilitary personnel made their way inside the dera premises this morning, officials said.

Vehicles of the district administration carrying officials drawn from various government departments also made their way inside the dera premises.

Besides, some fire tenders, heavy earth moving machines and tractors have also been pressed into service for the sanitisation exercise.

A number of dera followers who had parted ways with the sect head, have reportedly told the media earlier that except for the dera chief and his close aides, nobody was allowed to enter the 'Gufa' or private residence.

A number of dera followers who had parted ways with the sect head, have reportedly told the media earlier that except for the dera chief and his close aides, nobody was allowed to enter the 'Gufa' or private residence.

The dera, spread over nearly 800 acres, has been divided into ten zones for the purpose of sanitisation and searches, with each zone under the control of a senior officer.

 

 

 

 

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A group of seven Delhi students were allegedly attacked by some locals during a trip to Bhardwaj Lake in Asola near Delhi.

Students, who study at Jawaharlal Nehru University and St Stephen’s college in Delhi University, alleged that some locals roughed them up and allegedly made communal remarks. A woman who was part of the group complained that she was threatened with rape and alleged that when they approached Haryana police officials they refused to file an FIR.

A zero FIR has now been filed on the basis of her complaint at the Vasant Kunj police station, under the appropriate sections. JNUSU president Mohit Pandey said the woman is in deep trauma after the incident. “Today we are going to meet Commissioner of Police in Faridabad. The girl is in deep trauma. Police is very carelessly saying that they will ask Surajkund Police station to take statements,” Pandey said on Friday.

In their complaint, the students have said that the incident took place when they were on their way back on August 15 after an evening at the lake. The woman hitched a ride with two of her friends on a bike till the main road, when they were allegedly intercepted by an elderly man with lathi, who called for others to join him.

“Four people tried to grab us. The guy who stopped us was drunk and asked we were doing there. The other guy slapped me and abused me,” says the FIR.

The woman has alleged that she was groped and questioned about her relationship with the boys in the group. She was then allegedly dragged to a temporary shed by a man.

“The other people assaulting us supported the move of the guy and advised him to forcefully push me inside the shed to rape me,” the woman has said in her complaint.

Though the students managed to escape and approached the Surajkund police station, the cops allegedly refused to file their complaint.

“My character was questioned by the police officials,” the student has stated in the FIR. She said that they were allowed to leave only after they wrote an apology letter that had been dictated to them by the policemen.

Haryana Police has now begun probe into allegation that cops at Surajkund police station did not register case on the complaint of the students. “We are investigating who was on duty at the police station and why an FIR was not registered,” said Surajkund SHO Pankaj Kumar.

“I have just come to know about the incident. We are investigating it,” ACP NIT Shakir Hussain said, confirming that the students had visited Surajkund police station.

 

 

 

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